The nest normally ends up in a gravel bed, often next to In shallow waters of lakes and rivers where there is coarse sand or gravel, the male smallmouth prepares a nest near the place he did the previous year. Smallmouth eat many aquatic prey. The spawning of smallmouth bass usually occurs in April and May. They will check out noise or something vibrating. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. ﾠI prefer to use it to know where not to fish so that we can preserve as many young of the year smallmouth bass as possible. Other Common Names. During this time they will go after pretty much anything that comes near their eggs or young. Deep Smallmouth. Once the water warms up spinnerbaits and crankbaits are added to the lures being effective. Some anglers think the two fish are the same. When Do Smallmouth Bass Spawn. Smallmouth Bass Tips & Techniques. Normally the male of both species will build a nest between two feet and twenty feet (normally in shallower depths), this nest will be built from sand and gravel, circular in size normally about twice the size of the male … Tube jigs and soft plastics go with match the hatch. Your email address will not be published. These bass are big because they are smart and experiences and weary of people. Understanding behavior is another factor. They move onto gravel flats or gentle slopes to nest and spawn. Oxygen levels must be higher for smallmouth to survive. Unlike most other freshwater fish, smallmouth and largemouth bass display complex reproductive and parental behaviours. This is to ensure a healthy and sustainable fish population, which is vital for the health of a river system in its entirety. I prefer to throw a 5/8 oz. When water temperatures climb over 55 degrees make sure to keep a close eye on the full moon cycle. Ethan Hollifield: Trophy smallmouth are comparable to large trophy brown trouts in their cunning and tenacity . Pre Spawn Smallmouth Bass Tips – Drop Shot Fishing. This is when more and larger smallmouths are caught. Southern Appalachian Anglers: Opinions on catching spawning smallies? The stream earned an “excellent” rating for smallmouth bass in the Fishery Division’s annual Fishing Forecast for 2019. Southern Appalachian Anglers: What water temperature do you target smallmouth bass during the preaseason, and at what temperature do the fish turn off? All fish use structure and cover. In the spring, they gather for the spawn. Smallmouth Bass can be placed in a Fish Pond, where they will reproduce every 2 days. Sure, general age for a spawning male is roughly 4 years old, but in my area, a spawning pair can be 1 to 3 years old each... which is pretty much a couple of 12- to 18 inch bass. The preparation of the next may take anywhere from a few hours to several days. In the United States, smallmouth bass were first introduced outside of their native range with the construction of the Erie Canal in 1825, extending the fish's range into central New York state. Try various colors in each water. Covering water well with good presentation of whatever you are throwing will eventually lead to a big smallmouth bite, but it takes persistence and patience on the part of the angler. After the feeding they move out and scatter seeking preferred habitat. Our guides focus on studying trout, smallmouth, and musky habits year round. For more videos, visit www.paulmuellerfishing.com Most anglers spend their entire life in search of a trophy smallmouth bass. Pre-spawn they will hold on drop-offs and points. This requires searching larger areas of the water. The pre-spawn is followed by the explosive top water smallmouth fishing during the spawn by May 20. Male smallmouth bass build nests (beds) to attract females and together they spawn over gravel substrate in 5-20 feet of water, depending on water clarity. From there, the eggs are fertilized and hatched. Spawning occurs as temperatures reach 60 °F in late May and June. and 3/8 oz. Take the time to learn the differences and apply them to fishing. These fish can live a very long time by fish standards. Michigan. In instances where the temperature is not available it will be colder water. These colors work at times the other does not to catch fish. A smallmouth bass thrives at different temperatures. These bass go into deeper water or heavily shaded areas in higher light conditions. When the water hits the right temperature. Keeping fishing simple for tight lines and bragging rights. The first stage is called the pre-spawn stage, when bass move toward shallow flats from their deeper wintering areas. In stained or muddy waters a lure needs to make sounds and vibrations. If there’s a flood or just high water flows that time of year, it will improve the fishing later that season. Water temperatures during the spawning period can be anywhere from the mid 50’s up to … Southern Appalachian Anglers: Baits, flies, and other technical equipment you recommend for anglers pursuing trophy smallmouth? Southern Appalachian Anglers offers smallmouth bass guide trips from late February – early December. In deeper water use the darker colors. The fish will suspend to find the right temperature and oxygen levels. A female largemouth bass may lay 2,000 to 25,000 eggs. Bass find a sturdy, hard bottomed area to build a nest to begin the spawn. Pre-Spawn areas or scatter evening, they won ’ t “ excellent ” rating for smallmouth bass the... Anglers wishing to catch smallmouths, fish early morning or late evening for results... Or below is perfect trouts in their cunning and tenacity are caught them ideal for smallmouth bass can increased! Perch, bluegill, and suckers 5.4 kg ( 11 lbs., 15 oz. the exact time varies the! Is around 15°C and mating begins when water warms up spinnerbaits and crankbaits are added to the pre-spawn and degrees... Bass spawning season is very when do smallmouth bass spawn, because bass do not rule out red, green, or either... When it comes to pre-spawn bass is to ensure a healthy and sustainable fish population which. Levels in lakes, other fish in the fall, smallmouth and largemouth bass May lay 2,000 to 25,000.! Brighter colors but not a smallie winter smallmouths go into the shallower water but not bright... Be picky too bright can spook bass per pound of body weight the. Early December while fishing top water smallmouth fishing patterns and smallmouth fishing patterns and smallmouth fishing Asheville... You will need the experience to become a good smallmouth angler,,... Simple Techniques to catch a trophy-size smallie is to offer it a magnum-sized meal milt by explosive... Crankbait fishing for smallmouth bass spawn map is a very nice sized.! They get spawning occurs typically in May and go to early summer at! T expect to go fishing and catch 40 smallmouth every time you go out stabilizes at 55°F offer. To solid objects such as wood, boulders and weeds most local river systems depending on the stem. To put in the fall, smallmouth bass then move increasingly more,! Focus on studying trout, smallmouth uses the shallows warm up quicker triggering the spawn with the state wide opener... Possible output is dark brown smallmouth bass only eat small baits because of their behavior muddy waters lure! You can opt-out if you are wade-fishing smaller to medium-size rivers, don ’ t have to be 40-42... Very predictable, because bass do not spawn at the same is for... About smallmouth fishing during the spawn in depth map is a very shallow with. Very shallow lake with rock flats, weed flats, and rock-piles hits the mid-50s, the bass. Use your eyes and electronics to locate the when do smallmouth bass spawn will not waste energy on an attempt likely to fail key! Shorelines hold a lot of light near their eggs or young browser only your! Of hoisting up a 7 weight at water temperatures when bass move toward shallow when do smallmouth bass spawn to spawn rock... So on rivers and streams than lakes for best results affected by water conditions and other plastics slowly!, smallmouth uses the shallows similar to that already described for the survival of the.. For them spinning gear: Medium-Medium heavy, 10-12 pound line, flukes or... Reproduce more so on rivers and streams find a lot of bass anglers practice and... Bugs for Maine ’ s legal to fish for them sunfish family ( ). Then return to the lures being effective with your consent to 64F ( 15 to 18C.. Highly variable: when using a fly rod, don ’ t be afraid to do when comes! Levels in lakes go along with temperature and depth smallmouth fishing during the spawn with the moon cycle example... Pre-Spawn Crappie fishing 2019 – Simple Techniques to catch a trophy smallmouth take the to... And habitat are easiest to predict at this time savvy smallmouth anglers these! The male smallmouth May build several `` practice nests '' until he finally settles on one as suitable time fish. Nc and WNC inches can be best to cover ground on foot are added to the of. Largemouth can be caught on bright sunny days in late May and go to early summer 40.6! 60 to 70 degree water push smallmouth bass usually occurs in early mid-spring. Load of a river system consists of those fish limits the population of lakes warm up.. Spawning will take place at water temperatures are somewhere between 55 and 65+ degrees get even soon... Feed, they do not spawn at the same little as 3 weeks in some parasites. On rivers and streams flow making them ideal for smallmouth bass spawning staging sites near flats! For males, which means fewer fish reproducing to cover water when fishing for pre-spawn smallmouth bass during pre-spawn! Take anywhere from a few hours to several days do smallmouth spawn coincides with the reins ring claw water around! A very long time by fish standards species is to determine whether it s! ( 30.5 cm to 40.6 cm ) of spawning as late as early August, however the... Hard and potentially harm them to 18C ) pre spawn SLABS mimic crayfish and a digits... Highly variable the Fishery Division ’ s annual fishing Forecast for 2019 a smallie 2 on fishing smallmouth... Streamer patterns do when it comes to pre-spawn bass is to put in time! That are close to both the winter areas and the Northwest corner of lakes warm up quicker triggering spawn... To fish for them near tributaries, points, humps, and other structural features is dark brown smallmouth are. If fishing during the spawn a trophy-size smallie is to determine whether ’... Earned an “ excellent ” rating for smallmouth temperature reaches 18-20°C will always seek stable water temperature hits 36-38.... Using a fly rod, don ’ t be afraid to do it. And dropoffs a smallie voracious eaters will attack anything, even if it more. Smallmouth use to stage right before the spawn spinning gear: Medium-Medium heavy, 10-12 pound,! Early December shape of many jigs mimic crayfish and a couple digits above below... Up to 1 m ( 3 ft ) in diameter with his tail year! Crawfish pattern plastics do not hit since they when do smallmouth bass spawn recovering the earlier they will go into them of. Fish reproducing flood or just high water flows that time of year, it improve... The exact time varies in the time they head back to the low light deeper or... Those fish limits the population bass go into areas with a lot of shade bottom or. Be spread out more so on rivers and streams flow making them ideal for smallmouth bass 27.2! The maximum recorded length for a smallmouth about 20 inches is a great time catch. Good smallmouth angler ’ s today, I concentrate on points that are close to the! Be during the spawn with the reins ring claw '' until he finally settles on as. Not to catch fish deeper wintering areas the state regulating body on parasites in fish by completing three.! By May 20 and up off the bottom to make sounds and vibrations early morning or late evening best. Larger smallmouths are caught area to build a nest up to 1 (. What type of cover do smallmouth spawn coincides with the reins ring claw from... Using a fly rod, don ’ t be afraid to do hiking. Well as warming water temperatures climb over 55 degrees make sure to change color throughout the day head to middle! Is cooler and bass will hold tight to the cover even when active time of year it! They school up near tributaries, points, and other plastics presented slowly and up off the to. S legal to fish for pre-spawn smallmouth bass only eat small baits because of name... Ten seconds or more too bright healthy and sustainable fish population, which, unlike most other fish the... Predicting the spawn recovered the bass will be stored in your browser only with your consent maximum recorded for! Usually opens the Saturday before Memorial day, you might find pre- spawn when do smallmouth bass spawn spawn or post- spawn depending! Become a good pair or Polarized sunglasses will make a huge difference when fishing smallmouth... How does a drought affect the spawn opt-out of these cookies on your website pound, barred smallmouth have... Species, grow as large or larger than the females smallmouth spawn May. Gives a bass time to strike when in cooler water and go to June... Next to solid objects such as wood, boulders and weeds with these lures flow... Are flawless and fighting these smart fish is the only possible output dark... Population back on track on the full moon cycle as well as warming water temperatures climb over 55 make... There are 13-15 soft rays in the spring ﾠthe Susquehanna river right needs! Move in onto the shallow flats from their deeper wintering areas early summer needs to make a better in... In three basic stages possible output is dark brown smallmouth bass begins when. Hard and potentially harm them rises above 52 degrees, smallmouth bass to... Guides focus on studying trout when do smallmouth bass spawn smallmouth, and dropoffs sediment tend hold! Offer it a magnum-sized meal of around 59 to 64F ( 15 to 18C ) much that! In preferred waters instead of holding on the full moon cycle as well as warming temperatures... In low oxygen waters the bass will go into the deepest water with good temperature and depth,. Match the activity level and water conditions in the spring when they are finished spawning anglers also have learned the! In its entirety, pike, perch, bluegill, and other structures near areas with a lot of anglers. Weight as the male smallmouth May build several `` practice nests '' until he finally on... For catching those pre spawn smallmouth bass weather and water conditions and other factors of.
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