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It is made up of a crisp, rapid, circular figure, followed by a movement of two lines in opposition to one another.” In ancient Greece, dance was synonymous with being educated. Dance along with music, writing and physical exercise, was the basis of the educational system. Many believe that this dance eventually evolved into the popular syrtos dance that we know today. We know of about twelve total dances that were common in Ancient Greece and each served different purposes. The ancient Greeks believed that dance originated in Crete when Zeus was born to Rhea, the Earth mother. Dance in Prehistoric Greece Minoan Crete. In addition to dance, she has more recently been invoked as a metaphor for rhythm and ordered movement in the universe, such as mechanical oscillations. “The dance of the youths and maidens is distinctive. Ancient Greek Dance. The Muse ruling dance and choral music was Terpsichore. Dance was less prominent in Roman culture than it was in Greek culture. The most important Greek folk dance forms are the Ibeykada(Ibeykes), Hsingashtak, and Ephorate. It is a ritual dance performed with great care, by dancers scrupulously dressed in their best garments. In ancient Greece, nine goddesses were believed to rule over all the major literary and artistic spheres. The first two are of Epirus origin while the last is of the Pelasgian origin. The ancient choruses, dances, and songs of the dithyramb of Greece displayed the familiar pattern of a dignified, circular dance around the altar of Dionysus in the theater’s orchestra. According to a famous myth Rhea’s husband Cronus (Time), fearing he would be overthrown by his offspring, devoured each one at birth. Pyrrhic dances, for example, were invented by Greeks but popularized by Romans (See Ancient Greece). Roman dance was influenced by Etruscan and Greek dance. Imagine this: It’s Ancient Greece and you’re at a festival. Dancing priests that were members of the noble class did war dances in full armor with a sacred shield … Modern Dance Evolved from Ancient Greece. The men would dance boisterously and the women would only do modest and demure movements. Dance was essential for developing personality as well as preparing for battle. Dance Show " History of Dance"Ancient GreeceChoreographer: Zoe ThalassinouDancers: Eirini Kalaviti, Semina Mahaira, Maria Keramida, Eleni Kolometsou Two figures come out of the crowd, and the crowd forms a circle around them. A few ancient Roman dances were part of certain religious ceremonies, but most types of dancing in Rome were imported, particularly from Greece. In major cities/kingdoms of Ancient Greece, men were taught to dance. They were called the Muses. The two men draw knives and begin to circle each other, blades clashing as they dance and spar with one another. In fact, the term orchestra originally meant the circular dancing place of the theater. 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