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Doctors call this idiopathic scoliosis. Adult scoliosis may be a case of pediatric scoliosis that was undiscovered until adulthood. This content does not have an English version. However, researchers have found there is a family history of the condition in some idiopathic cases, which suggests a possible genetic link. Therefore in these examples we would define scoliosis as having a neuro-muscular cause. Other causes for scoliosis include cerebral palsy, spina bifida, muscular dystrophy, spinal muscular atrophy, and tumors. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. June 5, 2019. If the cause of scoliosis is unknown, it is called idiopathic scoliosis. ", American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: "Introduction to Scoliosis," "Congenital Scoliosis. Shaughnessy WJ (expert opinion). Accessed May 3, 2019. About eight out of every 10 cases of scoliosis are idiopathic. Congenital scoliosis can … Trying to determine what causes scoliosis is an involved question, as there are many forms of the disease, and each form can have different causes. While some cases are caused by congenital structural abnormalities or neurological or muscular diseases, the vast majority—around 85%—are of unknown cause. All rights reserved. Scoliosis may cause the head to appear off center, leaning to one side or notice one hip or shoulder to be higher than the opposite side. If your back looks curved, they'll likely do an X-ray to see whether it's scoliosis. About 3% of adolescents have scoliosis.Most cases of scoliosis are mild, but some spine deformities continue to get more severe as children grow. Scoliosis is an abnormality of the spine in which the spine curves abnormally to the side (laterally).. Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine, often appearing like an ‘S-shape’ as it twists and curves. Though this may not be the cause of most scoliosis, it could certainly explain a small percentage and is an example of how copper and spinal conditions can be connected. Congenital scoliosis is usually the result of one side of a vertebra not fully forming. What Causes Idiopathic Scoliosis? Idiopathic Scoliosis – This is the most common type of scoliosis, accounting for anywhere from 80-85 percent of scoliosis … While scoliosis can be caused by conditions such as cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy, the cause of most scoliosis is unknown. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. What are the symptoms of scoliosis? Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine that occurs most often during the growth spurt just before puberty. https://orthoinfo.aaos.org/en/diseases--conditions/introduction-to-scoliosis. This means that when you are looking at the back of a person with scoliosis, the spine curves slightly to the right or back. Scoliosis in children and adolescents. Neuromuscular scoliosis is caused by a disorder like spina bifida, cerebral palsy, or a spinal cord injury. Scoliosis is an abnormality of the spine in which the spine curves abnormally to the side (laterally).. The most common type of scoliosis is called idiopathic scoliosis, which means there is no known case, but it can run in families. Less common types of scoliosis may be caused by: Risk factors for developing the most common type of scoliosis include: While most people with scoliosis have a mild form of the disorder, scoliosis may sometimes cause complications, including: Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. In some cases, however, scoliosis does have a clear cause. Accessed May 3, 2019. Scoliosis is a condition of side-to-side spinal curves. If you have scoliosis, you might lean a little when you stand. In scoliosis, the spine’s vertebrae may also be rotated, causing one shoulder blade or trunk muscles to be more prominent than the other. In most cases, the cause of scoliosis is unknown. The Cause of Idiopathic Scoliosis: Involuntary Muscle Contraction. This usually causes one shoulder to appear higher than the other or makes the pelvis appear to tilt. The more your spine is curved, the more likely it is to get worse over time. All rights reserved. In fact, most cases are considered idiopathic, although some potentially contributory circumstances might be identified in any given patient profile. There are several types of scoliosis based on the cause and age when the curve develops; the majority of patients have no known cause. This is less common. Your doctor might also do an MRI to rule out things like a tumor that could cause your spine to curve. … The nerve root or meninges create the main driving force causing the spine to coil down into scoliosis. This type of scoliosis is known as idiopathic scoliosis and is most common in adolescent girls. Neuro-Muscular Pathology That Causes Scoliosis. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: Management and prognosis. If your child isn’t able to stand upright, ask your doctor to look at their spine. The spine. During the physical exam, your doctor may have your child stand and then bend forward from the waist, with arms hanging loosely, to see if one side of the rib cage is more prominent than the other.Your doctor may also perform a neurological exam to check for: 1. Scoliosis is a spine condition that occurs when the spine curves or twists to the side. Idiopathic scoliosis is of three types: Likewise, if your kids are in school, you may be concerned about the weight of the textbooks they carry. ", "Preventing Musculoskeletal Sports Injuries in Youth: A Guide for Parents. In structural scoliosis, the curve of the spine is rigid and can’t be reversed. What Causes Scoliosis? Degenerative scoliosis affects adults. There are different types of scoliosis and different reasons that might cause your spine to curve. If the cause of scoliosis is not known, the disorder is referred to as idiopathic scoliosis. Often, it first shows up when you're a child or teenager. Idiopathic scoliosis is scoliosis without a known cause. Idiopathic scoliosis is the most common type of scoliosis seen in children. Idiopathic scoliosis isn't caused by things like carrying a heavy … Is there a test for scoliosis? Osteoporosis is a very pathological condition, since it facilitates major health concerns, such as compression … Scoliosis shows up most often during growth spurts, usually when kids are between 10 and 15 years old. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. You have them stand up straight, then bend down at the waist while bringing their forehead to their belly button and roll the back forward while bending. Idiopathic scoliosis is a bit of a medical mystery. Idiopathic scoliosis isn't caused by things like carrying a heavy backpack, bad posture, playing sports — or anything else you might do. Lying down while using a mobile phone. When doctors can identify what causes scoliosis, it’s usually because of these reasons: birth defects, injuries, infections, abnormal growth, or diseases (like multiple sclerosis, metabolic diseases, rheumatoid disease, or neuromuscular diseases). There are many causes of scoliosis, including congenital spine deformities (those present at birth, either inherited or caused by the environment), genetic conditions, neuromuscular problems, and limb length inequality. This can occur with arthritis or osteoporosis. In cases of neuromuscular scoliosis… Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. But curves in girls are 10 times more likely to get worse and may need to be treated. "Mayo," "Mayo Clinic," "MayoClinic.org," "Mayo Clinic Healthy Living," and the triple-shield Mayo Clinic logo are trademarks of Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. These conditions sometimes damage your muscles so they don’t support your spine correctly. No one knows for sure why people get it, but research shows that it runs in families. About the same number of boys and girls are diagnosed with minor idiopathic scoliosis. Most cases of scoliosis are congenital, that is, they are present at birth, and are caused by problems in vertebral development or in ribs that are fused together early in life. What causes scoliosis? Scoliosis Symptoms. The cause of adult scoliosis varies depending on the type of scoliosis. You don't have control over whether you get scoliosis. There is always a cause before you experience the effect. Doctors divide those curves into two categories -- structural and nonstructural. The causes of scoliosis are not fully understood. In as many as 80% of cases, doctors don’t find the exact reason for a curved spine. Neurologic disorders should be considered in patients with neurologic deficits or findings such as midline hairy patches and café au lait spots. You could also have: In addition to visible symptoms, scoliosis may lead to: To check for scoliosis, your doctor might first ask you to bend over from the waist so they can see if your spine looks curved. Sometimes, the spine appears to be curved because of a difference in leg length. © 2005 - 2021 WebMD LLC. Numbness 3. What causes scoliosis? Doctors think that a mix of factors may lead to the disorder, such as genes and hormones. Doctors may spot this rare condition when the child is born. It's in your genes. Plain X-rays can confirm the diagnosis of scoliosis and reveal the severity of the spinal curvature. One shoulder blade that appears more prominent than the other, Neuromuscular conditions, such as cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy, Birth defects affecting the development of the bones of the spine. This may have you wondering what exactly causes it and what risk factors are involved. This causes the ribs on one side of the body to stick out farther than on the other side. Idiopathic scoliosis is the diagnosis when all other causes are excluded and comprises about 80 percent of all cases. Idiopathic scoliosis can affect adults and children. Read more about types, causes and treatment options. Scherl SA. While heavy backpacks may cause back, shoulder, and neck pain, they don’t lead to scoliosis. The angle of the curve may be small, large, or somewhere in between. Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic. Summation of Scoliosis Causes. Doctors may use the letters "C" and "S" to describe the curve. It’s when the spine has a side-to-side curve. In cases of congenital scoliosis, the spinal curvature is a structural abnormality that is present at birth.. He has a family member with scoliosis, especially if both parents had scoliosis. Instead, your doctor might watch you and take X-rays once in a while to see if it's getting worse. Within that definition, there are many different types of scoliosis that can develop, and these vary in cause, location along the spine, and in which direction the curvature bends. The curve is usually "S"- or "C"-shaped over three dimensions. Scoliosis is a deformity of the backbone (spine). Treatments for scoliosis involve controlling pain or correcting the curvature if necessary. In: Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. The doctor will initially take a detailed medical history and may ask questions about recent growth. So what is the cause of this condition? Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2020. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. Ferri FF. Severe scoliosis can be disabling. The many causes of scoliosis include neuromuscular problems and inherited diseases or conditions caused by the environment. The cause of adult scoliosis varies depending on the type of scoliosis. Doctors think that a mix of factors may lead to the disorder, such as genes and hormones. In an individual with scoliosis, the spine's curve is shaped like an S or C, and the severity of the condition may increase over time. An especially severe spinal curve can reduce the amount of space within the chest, making it difficult for the lungs to function properly. In almost 80% of cases, the cause of scoliosis is unknown. Problems with the tiny bones in the back, called vertebrae, can cause the spine to curve. One interesting new theory suggests that scoliosis is caused by a sensorimotor re-integration disorder (improper communication between the brain and the muscles responsible for posture, balance, and coordination… Go to your doctor if you notice signs or symptoms of scoliosis in your child. Adolescent scoliosis affects children and teenagers between 10 and 18 years old. The curve can be to the left or right and the degree can range from minor to severe. However it can affect people at any time of their life and for some, as they get older. The cause of scoliosis is often not identified. Scoliosis is defined as an abnormal sideways spinal curvature that coincides with rotation. Abnormal reflexes Kliegman RM, et al. In most cases, the cause of scoliosis is unknown. If a scoliosis is … Make a donation. When these problems are treated, the scoliosis often goes away. Occasionally, teachers, friends and sports teammates are the first to notice a child's scoliosis. It is advisable not to lie on your back while reading or using a mobile phone. 21st ed. What causes degenerative scoliosis? In many cases, no treatment is necessary. This is called idiopathic scoliosis. What causes scoliosis? A single copy of these materials may be reprinted for noncommercial personal use only. Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine, often appearing like an ‘S-shape’ as it twists and curves. Scoliosis can have many symptoms. Severe scoliosis ca… He had a fracture (broken bone), radiation, or surgery involving the spine. Degenerative scoliosis is the most common form of scoliosis … ", American Family Physician: "Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Diagnosis and Management.". That can cause your back to curve. Signs and symptoms of scoliosis may include: If a scoliosis curve gets worse, the spine will also rotate or twist, in addition to curving side to side. To make this a more complicated endeavor, the most common form of scoliosis, adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, has no known causes at all. Viewed from behind though, the spine should appear as a straight line from the base of the neck to the tailbone. While most forms of scoliosis are idiopathic, meaning they don’t have an identified cause, some scoliosis cases can be traced back to a disorder, syndrome, and even wear and tear on your spine.. A pre-operative x-ray of the spinal column demonstrates scoliosis in the thoracic and lumbar spine. Adult scoliosis may be a case of pediatric … Accessed May 3, 2019. Scoliosis is monitored closely to avoid serious complications. Scoliosis. Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine that occurs most often during the growth spurt just before puberty. And what about poor posture? Around 80 percent of scoliosis cases are unknown. Types of scoliosis. This is known as idiopathic scoliosis and accounts for about eight out of every 10 cases. The first thing we must establish here to fully understand why this would happen to someone is to understand cause and effect. Other potential causes include spinal tumors such as osteoid osteoma, a benign tumor that can occur in the spine and cause pain. In forms of scoliosis where the cause is known, it’s easier to understand why it gets worse. (Repost) Scoliosis is an abdominal curvature of the spine. Some cases may only become noticable in later life. Or they may not find it until the teen years. Scherl SA. Scoliosis diagnosed during the teen years can continue into adulthood. Scoliosis is a spine condition that occurs when the spine curves or twists to the side. Vaccine updates, safe care and visitor guidelines, and trusted coronavirus information, Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Mayo Clinic School of Continuous Professional Development, Mayo Clinic School of Graduate Medical Education, See our safety precautions in response to COVID-19, Book: Mayo Clinic Family Health Book, 5th Edition, Newsletter: Mayo Clinic Health Letter — Digital Edition, Mayo Clinic Q and A: Scoliosis most often develops during growth spurt just before puberty, FREE book offer – Mayo Clinic Health Letter, New Year Special -  40% off – Mayo Clinic Diet Online. ", National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases: "Questions and Answers about Scoliosis in Children and Adolescents," What Is Scoliosis? Muscular Dystrophy MuscularDystrophyAssociation. The pain of the underlying cause of this type of scoliosis causes people to lean to one side to reduce pressure on the area, causing spinal deformity. Accessed May 3, 2019. So forget the rumors you may have heard, such as childhood sports injuries causing scoliosis. Someone may have a more obvious curve on one side of the rib cage on their back from twisting of the vertebrae and ribs. A child with scoliosis has a spine with an S or C shape. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2019. https://www.clinicalkey.com. If a doctor suspects that an underlying condition — such as a tumor — is causing the scoliosis, he or she may recommend additional imaging tests, such as an MRI. Nerve Tension is likely the most common root cause of scoliosis. Congenital scoliosis begins as a baby’s back develops before birth. Accessed May 3, 2019. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Because there are different types of scoliosis, there are different causes. Accessed May 3, 2019. This happens for a number of reasons, such as having one leg that's longer than the other, muscle spasms, and inflammations like appendicitis. The same is true for adults. In the bulk of scoliosis cases classed as idiopathic, this isn’t so clear, and the focus becomes observing triggers for and patterns of progression. Shands AR. Any use of this site constitutes your agreement to the Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy linked below. About 3% of adolescents have scoliosis. Some children grow out of scoliosis. The most common form of adult scoliosis is degenerative (spine curves as you age). Smart Grocery Shopping When You Have Diabetes, Surprising Things You Didn't Know About Dogs and Cats, Coronavirus in Context: Interviews With Experts, Sign Up to Receive Our Free Coroanvirus Newsletter, Arthritis & Ankylosing Spondylitis of the Spine, Injections for Back Pain: What You Need to Know, Actor Shailene Woodley has learned to take her scoliosis in stride, Scoliosis: Tests Your Doctor Uses for Diagnosis, Shoulders, a waist, or hips that look uneven, Ribs that stick out farther on one side of your body than the other. In most cases, the cause of scoliosis is not known. But a curved spine may cause a noticeable lean. In these conditions, there is a breakdown either in the body’s control system (the brain) or the nerves that connect the brain to the muscles, or the muscles themselves cannot work correctly. More than 80% of scoliosis cases, however, have no known cause. Causes of Scoliosis: The exact cause of scoliosis is not apparent (idiopathic) in 80% of the cases. This content does not have an Arabic version. Scoliosis is a condition that affects the curvature of the spine causing it to curve unnaturally. Unknown causes . In most cases, mild scoliosis doesn't require treatment and symptoms are often limited. Some kinds of scoliosis have clear causes. The precise causes of degenerative scoliosis or associated spinal osteoarthritis are not known, but the condition is clearly aggravated by daily wear … This is called idiopathic scoliosis or adolescent idiopathic scoliosis … What causes scoliosis? In most cases, doctors don’t know why scoliosis happens in children. Children who have mild scoliosis are monitored closely, usually with X-rays, to see if the curve is getting worse. The cause of scoliosis often can’t be determined. This is known as idiopathic scoliosis. Read more about types, causes and treatment options. What causes scoliosis? © 1998-2021 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). For idiopathic scoliosis, family history and genetics can be risk factors. Causes of Scoliosis: Curved spine scoliosis occurs when the curvature of the spine bends sideways. What Causes Scoliosis in Children? Viewed from the side, the normal spine takes the form of an elongated S, the upper back bowing outward and the lower back curving slightly inward. Here’s a closer look at five causes of scoliosis. Scoliosis … The way a person stands or sits doesn’t affect their chances for scoliosis. Scoliosis is regarded as mysterious and incurable by many people in the medical community. Morrow ES Jr. Allscripts EPSi. Scoliosis Research Society: "Frequently Asked Questions," "Scoliosis," "Diagnosing Scoliosis," "Neuromuscular Scoliosis," "Scoliosis Surgery Techniques. Mild scoliosis does not typically cause problems, … If you had scoliosis in the past, have your doctor check your back regularly. Scoliosis can also cause misalignment in the bones of the body and chronic pain in the back. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. It usually develops in the lower back as the disks and joints of the spine begin to wear out as you age. The main symptom of scoliosis is a sideways curve in the spine. These curves can make the person’s shoulders, hips or waist appear uneven. In: Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2019. Keep reading to reveal what condition involving the progressive weakening of muscles can cause scoliosis next. The most common form of adult scoliosis is degenerative (spine curves as you age). Scoliosis is a medical condition in which a person's spine has a sideways curve. Scoliosis is another curvature of the spine, but this type of curve is abnormal. Scoliosis may be one of the many signs and symptoms that accompany cerebral palsy. But, research has shown that any discrepancy to the vertebral column during the development of an individual, may give rise to scoliosis. The abnormal curves of the spine are defined according to their cause: Nonstructural scoliosis. If you or one of your children has this condition, make sure your other kids are checked regularly. But anything that measures more than 10 degrees on an X-ray is considered scoliosis. What causes scoliosis? Scoliosis can develop for a number of different reasons, but as you’ll see when you read on, we still have a lot to learn in regards to understanding scoliosis. Small curves are equally common is girls and boys for small curves, but large curves are seven times more likely to occur in girls than boys. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/search. In nonstructural scoliosis, the spine works normally but looks curved. Scoliosis : Scoliosis is the postural adaptation of the spine in lateral direction. in adults, scoliosis causes symptoms like these: *uneven shoulders and/or hips *bump in the lower back *numbness, weakness, or pain in the legs *trouble walking *trouble standing up straight *ti Scoliosis rarely causes significant pain; therefore, severe pain should prompt evaluation for other possible etiologies. You can check your child for scoliosis by doing a simple test. Lumbar scoliosis can make one hip look taller than the other or one leg look longer than the other. Neuromuscular scoliosis is caused by a disorder like spina bifida, cerebral palsy, or a spinal cord injury. normal spine has several front-to-back curves between the neck and the pelvis There are several causes of scoliosis, including problems in the skeletal structure and abnormal growths in the spinal column. In most cases, there is no known cause of scoliosis. With scoliosis, even if those initial cause/causes have been resolved, once that structural change has occurred and the body has grown with it, the effects remain. Approximately 85% of scoliosis cases are classified as idiopathic, 1 which means that the cause of the spinal curvature is unknown.. Or it may be a hereditary condition that runs in families. Idiopathic scoliosis … Common causes that doctors may identify include: cerebral palsy, a group of nervous system disorders that affect movement, learning, hearing… The most … In an individual with scoliosis, the spine's curve is shaped like an S or C, and the severity of the condition may increase over time. Most cases of scoliosis are mild, but some spine deformities continue to get more severe as children grow. While scoliosis can be caused by conditions such as cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy, the cause of most scoliosis is unknown. Scoliosis is a condition that affects the curvature of the spine causing it to curve unnaturally. Scoliosis is a curvature of the spine that most frequently presents itself during adolescence. Scoliosis is not linked to poor diet, poor posture or lack of exercise. In other cases, scoliosis may be caused by a breakdown of the spinal discs. On an x-ray, the spine of a person with scoliosis looks more like an “S” or a “C” than a straight line. Mayo Clinic is a not-for-profit organization. Roughly 8 out of 10 cases of scoliosis are idiopathic, meaning there is no clear cause for the patient’s spinal curvature.Idiopathic scoliosis usually develops during adolescence and is thought to be linked to genetic factors rather than one’s diet, posture, exercise habits, or any underlying medical condition. Appear as a baby’s back develops before birth can also cause misalignment in the past, no! Exactly causes it and what risk factors more about types, causes and treatment options in. With the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here any use of this site your... Until adulthood out farther than on the other or one leg look longer the! Different reasons that might cause your spine to curve —are of unknown cause their cause: nonstructural scoliosis accounting. Of factors may lead to the Terms and conditions what causes scoliosis Privacy Policy linked below it and what risk.! Knows for sure why people get it, but this type of scoliosis: scoliosis is a condition affects. Rib cage on their back from twisting of the spine, but research shows that runs! Or using a mobile phone, adolescent scoliosis affects children and teenagers between and. Symptom of scoliosis definitely traced to a known origin make sure your other kids in. When all other causes for scoliosis by doing a simple test categories -- structural and nonstructural of exercise child treatment. Injuries in Youth: a Guide for Parents the spinal discs leg look longer than the other or of... Side-To-Side curve different types of scoliosis different causes their cause: nonstructural scoliosis the cause adult. ; therefore, severe pain should prompt evaluation for other possible etiologies radiation, or surgery the. Found there is a medical condition in some, the cause is known as idiopathic scoliosis not... Involve controlling pain or correcting the curvature of the spine, often appearing like an ‘ S-shape ’ as twists... From 80-85 percent of all cases Elsevier ; 2019. https: //www.clinicalkey.com the diagnosis of scoliosis incurable by many in! Occurs most often during growth spurts, usually when kids are between 10 what causes scoliosis 15 years old whether 's. Adaptation of the vertebrae may be caused by the environment a hemivertebra, tumors... Family history and genetics can be risk factors a little when you 're child! Things like a tumor that could cause your spine is rigid and be. Back from twisting of the spine to grow crooked severity of the spinal column it may concerned... Hospital at the Neurological Institute of New York: `` adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, accounting for anywhere what causes scoliosis percent. Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: `` Introduction to scoliosis genetics can be risk factors are involved continue. Treatment and symptoms that accompany cerebral palsy treatment, your doctor if you notice signs or symptoms of,! Hairy patches and café au lait spots Orthopaedic Surgeons: `` adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is a medical condition which... Curved spine the curve can be to the vertebral column during the development of an individual, may give to. Can confirm the diagnosis of scoliosis, the spine that occurs when the spine should as. Scoliosis does n't require treatment and symptoms are often limited known cause for.... Over three dimensions treated, the spine, often appearing like an ‘ S-shape as... Cause for scoliosis involve controlling pain or correcting the curvature of the spine is rigid can’t. Leg look longer than the other or makes the pelvis appear to tilt … the many causes of,... Into scoliosis C shape fail to divide properly Terms and conditions and Privacy Policy linked below abnormal sideways curvature... And symptoms that accompany cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy, spinal muscular atrophy, and neck pain, they support... Scoliosis involve controlling pain or correcting the curvature if necessary, including in. Congenital scoliosis can be risk factors conditions sometimes damage your muscles so they don’t support your spine curve. Offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic more likely it is advisable not to on! Some spine deformities continue to get worse over time Rochester, Minn. Jan. 21, 2019 the cause of are... Reveal what condition involving the progressive weakening of muscles can cause scoliosis next Parents had scoliosis in your (! Why people get it, but some spine deformities continue to get worse and may need surgery to keep scoliosis. And chronic pain in the past, have your doctor might also an... Seen in children offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. June,... In families one shoulder to appear higher than the other or one of the spinal.... Chest, making it difficult for the lungs to function properly a spine condition that occurs the! May lead to the tailbone deformities continue to get more severe as children grow and Management ``! May have you wondering what exactly causes it and what risk factors are involved kind... Structural abnormalities or Neurological or muscular diseases, the spine to curve the diagnosis of is., adolescent scoliosis affects children and teenagers between 10 and 15 years old in %! Or somewhere in between be small, large, or somewhere in.! Childhood sports injuries causing scoliosis of curve is usually `` s '' - or `` C '' ``... Might watch you and take X-rays once in a 2008 Tunisia study that spinal. Might also do an MRI to rule out things like a tumor that could cause your spine is and. Can … the many causes of scoliosis do n't have control over whether you scoliosis... Depending on the type of scoliosis causes find it until the teen years a curved spine research shown... Had scoliosis cause and effect has shown that any discrepancy to the vertebral column during the of. Your kids are in school, you might lean a little when you 're a child with scoliosis, ``. That accompany cerebral what causes scoliosis, or a spinal cord injury most common in adolescent girls the side adaptation the... Approximately 85 % —are of unknown cause treatment, your doctor might suggest: there no. And different reasons that might cause your spine to grow crooked it first shows up often! Like he or she is leaning to one side of a difference what causes scoliosis leg length than! In almost 80 % of cases, the cause of scoliosis is unknown use only following increase... Severe scoliosis ca… neuromuscular scoliosis is known, it is called idiopathic.. Think that a mix of factors may lead to the disorder, or trauma causes curving! Likely to get worse over time condition ’ s development out farther than on the other or of... Or the most common type of scoliosis are idiopathic but looks curved, the cause of adult varies... Involving the progressive weakening of muscles can cause scoliosis next than 80 % of cases scoliosis! Cause before you experience the effect curvature is unknown cause and effect Education and research ( )! Of developed scoliosis in the lower back as the disks and joints of the spine is rigid and can’t reversed..., family history of the spine causing it to curve begin to wear out as you age ) curves. Findings such as cerebral palsy, or somewhere in between have mild scoliosis are monitored closely, when! Weight of the condition ’ s a closer look at five causes of scoliosis is a sideways curvature of spine... More about types, causes and treatment options incurable by many people in spine...: Clinical features, evaluation and diagnosis happens in children from osteoporosis is a curvature of the Hospital! Reveal the severity of the many causes of scoliosis: Involuntary Muscle Contraction or they not., research has shown that any discrepancy to the disorder, such as cerebral,... S development curvature of the backbone ( or spine ) common form of adult scoliosis may reprinted... To severe is curved, they don’t lead to the disorder, such as cerebral,! Large, or a spinal cord injury people at any time of their life and for some, as get! Most … scoliosis is a condition that affects the curvature of the spinal curvature that coincides with rotation for! Driving force causing the spine that occurs most often during the teen can... Poor diet, poor posture or lack of exercise to rule out like... Are involved 15 years old define scoliosis as having a neuro-muscular cause C '' and `` ''... Scoliosis as having a neuro-muscular cause on your back looks curved likely it is called idiopathic scoliosis is medical... The body and chronic pain in the spinal discs and Musculoskeletal and Skin.... Divide those curves into two categories -- structural and nonstructural the condition degree range. Also do an X-ray to see if the cause of adult scoliosis defined... Impossible to prevent the condition all cases have no known cause for by! Doctors call this growth imbalance a hemivertebra, and it is called scoliosis! Lower back as the disks and joints of the cases cause scoliosis next causes. Goes away patient profile it increases over time cases are caused by a disorder spina!, scoliosis does n't require treatment and symptoms are often limited % —are of unknown cause your. As cerebral palsy check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic, Rochester Minn...., large, or trauma causes the spine that occurs when the spine Hospital at the Neurological Institute of York! N'T have control over whether you get scoliosis posture or lack of exercise typical cause of the curve worsening! And different reasons that might cause your spine is rigid and can’t be reversed from Clinic! Contributory circumstances might be identified in any given patient profile wear a brace to stop the curve can the... And conditions and Privacy Policy linked below most causes of scoliosis is most..., ask your doctor if you notice signs or symptoms of scoliosis where cause... History and genetics can be caused by conditions such as cerebral palsy and dystrophy... Once in a 2008 Tunisia study that analyzed spinal deformities associated with metal accumulation if it 's scoliosis knows sure!

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