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[166] In the 2016 election it made further gains, finishing with 23 seats and overtaking the Labour Party as the third-largest party in the Dáil. Sinn Féin (/ ˌ ʃ ɪ n ˈ f ɛ ɪ n / shin-FAYN; Irish: [ʃɪnʲ fʲeːnʲ]) is a left wing, Irish republican political party in Ireland.The name is Irish for "ourselves" or "we ourselves", [4] [5] although it is frequently mistranslated as "ourselves alone". This angered more traditional republicans, who wanted to stick to the national question and armed struggle. [53], Under Adams' leadership electoral politics became increasingly important. [13][14], The name was adopted by Arthur Griffith for the "Sinn Féin policy" he presented in 1905, and the Sinn Féin party formed over 1905–07. In the Irish general election the same year the party won its first seat since 1957, with Caoimhghín Ó Caoláin gaining a seat in the Cavan–Monaghan constituency. Ó Brádaigh and about twenty other delegates walked out, and met in a Dublin hotel with hundreds of supporters to re-organise as Republican Sinn Féin. [45] Sinn Féin was given a concrete presence in the community when the IRA declared a ceasefire in 1975. [34] The Caretaker Executive's first act was to pass a resolution pledging allegiance to the 32-county Irish Republic and the Provisional Army Council. [70] Others who opposed this development left to found the Republican Network for Unity. [130] Sinn Féin opposes the United States embargo against Cuba and has called for a normalization of relations between the two countries. [87] Sinn Féin has argued that the IMC is not independent, and that the inclusion of former Alliance Party leader John Alderdice and a British security head was proof of this. The phrase "Sinn Féin" is Irish for "Ourselves" or "We Ourselves",[9][10] although it is frequently mistranslated as "ourselves alone" (from "Sinn Féin Amháin", an early-20th-century slogan). Sinn Fein (shĭn fān′, fĕ′ĭn) n. An Irish political and cultural society founded about 1905 to promote political and economic independence from England, unification of Ireland, and a renewal of Irish culture. Sinn Féin pledged to be a strong opposition to the new coalition. When the Irish Volunteers split in September 1914, the more militant group was soon dubbed the "Sinn Féin Volunteers" by the security forces of the Dublin Castle administration. How to pronounce Sinn Fein. [152], Sinn Féin lost some ground in the 2016 Assembly election, dropping one seat to finish with 28, ten behind the DUP. [101], The October 2015 Assessment on Paramilitary Groups in Northern Ireland concluded that the Provisional IRA still existed "in a much reduced form", and that some IRA members believed its Army Council oversaw both the IRA and Sinn Féin, although it believed that the leadership "remains committed to the peace process and its aim of achieving a united Ireland by political means".[102]. The 1989 local government elections saw a drop in support for Sinn Féin. Local government in the Republic of Ireland, Articles 2 and 3 of the Constitution of Ireland, Twenty-eighth Amendment of the Constitution Bill 2008, 2016 United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, Irish Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform, United States Special Envoy for Northern Ireland, Assessment on Paramilitary Groups in Northern Ireland, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Executive of the 6th Northern Ireland Assembly, Deputy First Minister of Northern Ireland, Children, Equality, Disability, Integration and Youth, Community and Rural Development and the Islands, List of political parties in Northern Ireland, "General election 2019: A simple guide to Sinn Féin", "Ireland: The Rise of Populism on the Left and among Independents", "Irish PM's pro-EU party ahead in European vote, polls suggest", "Journalism Norms and the Absence of Media Populism in the Irish General Election 2016", "Shinners are like the Fianna Fáil of old", "The Shinners have been housecleaning again", "NATIONAL COALITION PANEL JOINT STATEMENT. Should the “alternative vote” system be used instead? [63] In April 2009, the Real IRA released a statement taking responsibility for the killing. "[56] A motion to permit entry into the Dáil was allowed at the 1985 Ard Fheis, but did not have the active support of the leadership, and it failed narrowly. [109], Sinn Féin has been considered to be Eurosceptic. Seán Crowe, who had topped the poll in Dublin South-West fell to fifth place, with his first preference vote reduced from 20.28% to 12.16%. Sinn Féin amháin!" Sinn Féin is an Irish republican political party in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. [62] Donaldson was found fatally shot in his home in County Donegal on 4 April 2006, and a murder inquiry was launched. Rees released the last of the internees, and ended 'Special Category Status' for all prisoners convicted after 1 March 1976. [23] De Valera's resignation meant also the loss of financial support from America. McCarthy, uses the expression "Sinn Féin". The original Sinn Féin organisation was founded in 1905 by Arthur Griffith, but has split substantially on a number of occasions since then, notably giving rise to the two traditionally dominant parties of southern Irish politics—Fianna Fáil and Fine Gael—in the aftermath of the Irish Civil War. [99], On 10 March 2005, the House of Commons in London passed without significant opposition a motion, introduced by the British government, to withdraw the allowances of the four Sinn Féin MPs for one year, in response to the Northern Bank Robbery. [3] Among Irish speakers, "Sinn féin! Ruth Dudley Edwards and Bridget Hourican. [Irish Gaelic sinn féin : sinn… [117] This has led political commentators to define the party as soft Eurosceptic since the 21st century.[118]. The IRA were widely blamed for the robbery[83] although Sinn Féin denied this and stated that party officials had not known of the robbery nor sanctioned it. [61], The party expelled Denis Donaldson, a party official, in December 2005, with him stating publicly that he had been in the employ of the British government as an agent since the 1980s. The phrase "Sinn Féin" is Irish for "Ourselves" or "We Ourselves", although it is frequently mistranslated as "ourselves alone" (from "Sinn Féin Amháin", an early-20th-century slogan). [42] Sinn Féin took off as a protest movement after the introduction of internment in August 1971, organising marches and pickets. Sinn Féin came top in the popular vote, with 24.5% but due to the single transferable vote system it will have only the second highest number of MPs, at 37 out of 160 seats. [5] On the other hand, Alvin Jackson says "ourselves alone" may have been a construct of opponents to highlight the political isolation of those using the slogan,[6] or the perceived selfishness of abandoning Britain, as in this Punch parody from the First World War:[7], Christopher Hitchens, writing of the Field Day anthology of Irish literature, says:[8]. If it does not, EU disintegration becomes a real possibility. Alex Maskey, a former Sinn Féin Lord Mayor of Belfast, was told by relatives of McCartney to "hand over the 12" IRA members involved. [112] Sinn Féin was on the same side of the debate as the DUP and most of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) in that they wanted to pull out when UK had its referendum in 1975. [110][111] The party campaigned for a "No" vote in the Irish referendum on joining the European Economic Community in 1972. [146] The party continues to subscribe, however, to an abstentionist policy towards the Westminster British parliament, on account of opposing that parliament's jurisdiction in Northern Ireland, as well as its oath to the Queen.[147][148]. Sinn Féin Must Clarify What They Mean by Women’s Rights – McCloskey Dr Anne McCloskey, Aontú candidate for Ballyarnett has called on Sinn Féin to clarify what they mean by ‘rights for women’ in the context of Mary Lou McDonald’s recent statement on new talks to reestablish the institutions in the north. [81], The British government stated in 2005 that "we had always said all the way through we believed that Sinn Féin and the IRA were inextricably linked and that had obvious implications at leadership level". [71], In 2017 and 2018 there were allegations of bullying within the party, leading to a number of resignations and expulsions of elected members.[72]. during an altercation with Leopold Bloom; these were also the titles of two nationalist ballads. Sinn Féin (/ˌʃɪn‖ˈfeɪn/) ("ourselves" or "we ourselves") and Sinn Féin Amháin ("ourselves only / ourselves alone / solely us") are Irish-language phrases used as a political slogan by Irish nationalists in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. muid féin, muidne féin, sinne féin Find more words! [12], A nationalist play by "Tom Telephone" (Thomas Stanislaus Cleary) published in 1882 was entitled Shin Fain; or Ourselves Alone. Sinn Féin then joined the talks, but the Conservative government under John Major soon came to depend on unionist votes to remain in power. [9] It includes a poem entitled Ourselves Alone by "Sliabh Cuilinn" (John O'Hagan):[10], Another poem in the same volume, The Spirit of the Nation by D.F. Sinn Féin is an Irish republican political party in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. [47] Around the same time, Gerry Adams began writing for Republican News, calling for Sinn Féin to become more involved politically. Sinn Féin were opposed to Northern Ireland leaving the European Union together with the rest of the United Kingdom, with Martin McGuinness suggesting a referendum on the reunification of Ireland immediately after the 2016 United Kingdom European Union membership referendum results were announced,[76] a stance later reiterated by Mary Lou McDonald as a way of resolving the border issues raised by Brexit.[77]. "'[11], The glossary at the end of the volume renders sinn féin as "we ourselves". In the 1989 European election, Danny Morrison again failed to win a seat, polling at 48,914 votes (9%). The most well-known opponent was former IRA prisoner Gerry McGeough, who stood in the 2007 Assembly election against Sinn Féin in the constituency of Fermanagh and South Tyrone, as an Independent Republican. [43] The party launched its platform, Éire Nua ("a New Ireland") at the 1971 Ard Fheis. In the 2014 election, Martina Anderson topped the poll in Northern Ireland, as did Lynn Boylan in Dublin. [33] These members reconvened at Kevin Barry Hall in Parnell Square, where they appointed a Caretaker Executive with Ruairí Ó Brádaigh as chairman. The Executive attempted to circumvent this by introducing a motion in support of IRA policy, at which point the dissenting delegates walked out of the meeting. The British government responded by saying it would ask MPs to vote to withdraw the parliamentary allowances of the four Sinn Féin MPs elected in 2001. Sinn Féin is one of the two largest parties in the Northern Ireland Assembly, winning just one seat less than the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) at the 2017 Northern Ireland Assembly election. All its sitting TDs were returned, with Seán Crowe regaining the seat he had lost in 2007 in Dublin South-West. As the "Officials" dropped all mention of Sinn Féin from their name in 1982–instead calling themselves the Workers' Party of Ireland–the term "Provisional Sinn Féin" has fallen out of use, and the party is now known simply as "Sinn Féin". It now constitutes the … This led first to the blanket protest, and then to the dirty protest. Sinn Féin ("ourselves" or "we ourselves") and Sinn Féin Amháin ("ourselves only / ourselves alone / solely us") are Irish-language phrases used as a political slogan by Irish nationalists in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. Sinn Fein. [137] Gerry Adams won the Belfast West constituency, and Danny Morrison fell only 78 votes short of victory in Mid Ulster. From 1970 was president of Official Sinn Féin, renamed The Workers' Party in 1982. [73][74][75] Michelle O'Neill was also elected as vice president of the party. Sinn Féin’s budget priorities focus on how we rebuild our economy and our public services after this crisis while supporting families, workers and small businesses to get through this difficult period. The name is Irish for "ourselves" or "we ourselves", although it is frequently mistranslated as "ourselves alone". The Irish government alleged that senior members of Sinn Féin have held posts on the IRA Army Council. The party is organised hierarchically into cumainn (branches), comhairle ceantair (district executives), and cúigí (regional executives). : Sinn Féin und die Gewerkschaftsbewegung unterstützen die Entscheidung, in Irland keine Übergangsregelungen einzuführen. At the Ard Fheis on 18 November 2017, Gerry Adams announced he would stand down as president of Sinn Féin in 2018, and would not stand for re-election as TD for Louth. This was the first time since elections began in 1979 that the DUP failed to take the first seat, and was the first occasion Sinn Féin topped a poll in any Northern Ireland election. [1], In James Joyce's novel Ulysses, set in 1904, The Citizen, a boorish nationalist partly modelled on Michael Cusack, shouts "Sinn Féin! [35] It also declared itself opposed to the ending of abstentionism, the drift towards "extreme forms of socialism", the failure of the leadership to defend the nationalist people of Belfast during the 1969 Northern Ireland riots, and the expulsion of traditional republicans by the leadership during the 1960s. [78] However, the SF leadership has denied these claims. In the Irish local elections of 1999 the party increased its number of councillors from 7 to 23. In the 2010 general election, the party retained its five seats,[149] and for the first time topped the poll at a Westminster election in Northern Ireland, winning 25.5% of the vote. Losses in Dublin and urban areas were balanced by gains in areas such as Limerick, Wicklow, Cork, Tipperary and Kilkenny and the border counties . Its earliest use was to describe individual political radicals unconnected with any party and espousing a more "advanced nationalism" than the Irish Home Rule movement represented by the Irish Parliamentary Party (IPP). Movement founded 1905 by Irish journalist and politician Arthur Griffith (1872-1922). In the 2020 Irish general election, Sinn Féin received greatest number of first preference votes nationally, making it the best result for any incarnation of Sinn Féin since the 1922 election. [58] The motion was passed with a two-thirds majority. [142] The same year saw the party contest the Dáil election in the Republic of Ireland; however, it failed to win any seats and polled less than 2%. [104] The party aims to eradicate poverty. [37] By then, however, the label "Provisional" or "Provo" was already being applied to them by the media. The prisoners' protest climaxed with the 1981 hunger strike, during which striker Bobby Sands was elected Member of Parliament for Fermanagh and South Tyrone as an Anti H-Block candidate. [60], The talks led to the Good Friday Agreement of 10 April 1998, which set up an inclusive devolved government in Northern Ireland, and altered the Dublin government's constitutional claim to the whole island in Articles 2 and 3 of the Constitution of Ireland. [26][27] Vice-President and de facto leader Mary MacSwiney announced that the party simply did not have the funds to contest the second election called that year, declaring "no true Irish citizen can vote for any of the other parties". When his motion was defeated, de Valera resigned from Sinn Féin; on 16 May 1926, he founded his own party, Fianna Fáil, which was dedicated to republicanising the Free State from within its political structures. [100], In March 2005, Mitchell Reiss, the United States Special Envoy for Northern Ireland, condemned the party's links to the IRA, saying "it is hard to understand how a European country in the year 2005 can have a private army associated with a political party". It subsequently became a focus for various forms of Irish nationalism, especially Irish republicanism. [89], Gerry Adams responded to the IMC report by challenging the Irish government to have him arrested for IRA membership—a crime in both jurisdictions—and for conspiracy. 1967, to investigate the possibility of ending abstentionism Féin policy and activities of the Young Irelanders Féin.. Affected the Sinn Féin have held posts on the IRA, led the. 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